All textile starts with the choice of the raw material. This forms the basis for the quality of the weave or the knit. The fibres can vary from natural to synthetic. We often see a mixture of the two. Most woollen garments are a combination of wool and acrylic, partly because of the price of raw material but also the special qualities like wear and tear and colour fastness.

Before the spinning process, the raw materials are chosen, then mixed and combed in order to form a sliver lap from which several slivers are made. Then a thread is spun from the sliver. To finish the thread is twined.

A single-yarn thread is twisted but not twined. Woollen yarn is fortified by felting the yarn.
This was a problem with the single mohair yarn of the ‘bear skin’. Because hair has no scales it is easy to pull it apart like loose sand.